A brief introduction to the Colombian conflict and the way I understand it.


I am 23 years old and I come from a country known for its violence. Here the drug dealings became the most important source of money, and the society became afraid to walk in the street. Unfortunately, I cannot deny that Colombia and our entire history is full of fear and violent problems. However, this only overshadows the great things about my country that are so much bigger than an internal conflict.


That’s why in this project I would like to let the world know why the conflict exists in Colombia and how we, as young people, can take action. In this post I will give you a brief introduction to our conflict and the way I understand it. We have throughout history been able to have democratic elections, and we were even able to get a new constitution in 1991. However, we can’t deny that we are the country in this region that has the longest continuing conflict.


All the problems began back in the decade of 1940’s. To contextualize, the amount of land determined how rich the people were. Off course just a few had large amounts of it and that was a problem because landowners just wanted to have more territory. Secondly, in 1948 Jorge Eliecer Gaitán was killed, he was a very important and supported politician. His death lead the whole country into a big division between political parties and ideas. This process was not very peaceful and many problems developed.


With the passing of the years, this division kept deepening and became stronger. New actors appeared in the middle of this violent scene: the FARC-EP (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia-Ejercito del Pueblo or Revolutionary Armed Forced of Colombia-Peoples Army) and ELN (Ejercito de Liberación Nacional or National Liberation Army). These guerrilla groups arose from people that were against the way that the country was governed in those days. In addition to that, the Paramilitares (Self defense group) emerged in a parallel way from the elite of Colombia. Their aim was to defend their territories from the guerrillas, because they didn’t find in the government the defense they wanted to protect their land.



Above all, in the decade of the 1980’s the drug dealing had a huge entrance; some cartels in the cities of Medellín and Calí were created because people found a good source of easy money in it. Cultivating drugs in Colombia was not hard work. On one hand, the land is fertile and suitable for this kind of plantations, and on the other a lot of people were looking for money so processing and dealing them was pretty easy.


Another important fact that took part since the beginning of the history was the corruption. Through the years it has been impossible for the government to avoid it. With this corruption the government has turned into an institution that benefit only a part of the population but not all of it.

Colombia is a country full of diversity and as you might know, it starts from the difference. I am not only talking about our variety of animals and flowers, but the different ideologies that a country can support. I think that differences are good and give an interesting point of view to the same situation. However, for me the main problem is that this has led the actors to use violence as the main and only way to lead their ideas and fight for them.


Right now Colombia is getting better, off course violence is still a problem but not in the magnitude that it was in the final decade of the last century. The way that the foreigners see Colombia is different; for the first time in my life when I was in another country the first thing I heard was not drugs or violence, this time I heard is football with Falcao and James, comments about the way we dance, and some other positive things.


We will complete the second year of a peace process that is taking place in Habana, Cuba. This peace process is lead by the Colombian government and the guerrillas, with people from Cuba and Norway as facilitators. I am hoping to see what happens with this process and I am waiting for that moment when many Colombians and me can finally shout peace. From all of my memory my country has been considered in war, and I have seen many failed tries to make peace. It is hard to think that I haven’t lived a single day in Colombia in peace. This is what has inspired me since I was little to make it happen, and I hope that this year #23 of my life I can finally say I live in peace.


If you want to know more about the Colombian conflict see you around, also if you want to post something or help us telling your stories don’t forget to write in the comment area!